Budapest Budapest you're beautiful! Budapest occupying both banks of the river Danube is the capital of Hungary and also the political, historical, cultural, commercial and transportation center of the country. It covers an area of 525 km2 and has a population of 1.7 million (2007 data), with 2.5 million people living in the agglomeration. It is the ninth most populous city in the European Union. The lowest point is the line of the Danube which is 96 metres (315 ft) above sea level, while the highest point of Budapest is János hill, at 529 metres (1,729 ft) above sea level. Budapest is a city with continental climate located in the temperate zone. The warmest month is July. The highest temperature ever recorded was 40,7°C on July 20, 2007. The coldest month is January. The history of Budapest began with Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement that became the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia (from 1st to 5th Century). Present Budapest became a single city occupying both banks of the river Danube with its unification on 17 November 1873 of Buda and Óbuda, on the west bank and with Pest, on the east bank. On the right bank of the river, western part of the city, the Buda Hills is located, which provides a breath of fresh air. On the Left Bank, in the east side of the city is the Pest plain, bounded by the Gödöllő hills slopes. Dividing the capital to Buda and Pest, the river Danube is passing through the city 30 km long and with an average width of 400 meters.
Budapest is the only capital in the world having hot springs and is a City of Spas since 1934. Since 1937 Budapest has been an international medicinal bath city. The springs and their water, with a daily yield of 70 million litres nowadays, were already introduced to the baths built under the Turkish occupation (XV-XVI. century) but have only been used specifically for medical purposes starting from to the end of the nineteenth century. There are currently 80 thermal and mineral water, and more than 400 bitter water springs in which the temperature ranges between 24-78 degrees Celsius. The sulfur-containing mineral water is good for a number of diseases. Exploiting the beneficial effects of the water, a variety of spas (Széchenyi, Rudas, Király, Gellért, Lukács) and hotels (Hotel Gellért, Danubius Health Spa Resort Margaret Island, Danubius Health Spa Resort Helia, Ramada Plaza Hotel) was built in the city.
Budapest has over 220 museums and galleries introducing the Hungarian history and the universal and European culture, 40 theaters, the Opera House, and a number of concert hall rooms. From spring to autumn music festivals (Budapest Spring Festival, Sziget Festival, Budapest AutumnFestival), outdoor concerts and performances increase the city's attractiveness. At this time, more than a thousand restaurants and cafes and their terraces accept guests seeking culinary delights, who are served with the best Hungarian wines along with the masterpieces of Hungarian and international gastronomy.
The Buda Castle and the Danube panorama since 1987, Andrassy Avenue and the historic environment, the Millennium underground railway and Heroes' Square since 2002 a UNESCO World Heritage site. The capital’s further sights include a number of unique monuments, churches, bridges, monuments from the ancient, medieval and Ottoman occupation time, baroque, classicist, romantic, neo-renaissance, eclectic and art nouveau-style public buildings and private homes, public sculptures and monuments. Budapest is Hungary’s transportational center. All of the major highways and railways start and end here in radial direction, linking the different towns with each other and with other European cities. Guests travelling by plane are accepted at Liszt Ferenc International airport, which is located only 15 km from the city center. The city is densely interwoven by public transport routes (bus, metro, tram), so tourists can easily reach the selected tourist attractions from anywhere.